Paralelisme Metafisika Schopenhauer dan Advaita Vedanta: Sebuah Analisis Studi Komparatif
Schopenhauer is believed to be influenced by Hindu and Budha doctrine. This belief raises objections from most philosophers and believes that Schopenhauer formulates his doctrine by himself instead. They believe that Schopenhauer only takes some of the Indian philosophy that he uses to justify his doctrine. Otherwise, some philosophy commentators view that Indian philosophy has an essential role in Schopenhauer's ideas formulation. However, regardless of whether there is or not the influence of Indian philosophy, Schopenhauer's metaphysics and Advaita Vedanta are on the same track. This study aims to show the similarity and also the difference between the two subjects. This study uses comparative analysis. This study concludes that even though the two subjects take a different track, use different arguments, terms, and concepts, they yield identical conclusions: the perceived word is the phenomenon that has only one nature, come from the only metaphysical power. In Schopenhauer's formulation, substratum, essence, core essence, and the world supporter is the only thing-in-itself. Plurality is only possible because of the existence of subjective space, time, and causality. The plurality in the world is the appearance of the thing-in-itself, that only one and undifferentiated in itself. Meanwhile, in Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is the true single reality from which everything in the world comes. The distinction between subject, object, and plurality has completely vanished. The phenomenal world that full of plurality and duality is an illusion of the individual (jiva) is considered real because of the individual’s ignorance. And then self is considered has different nature with Brahman. When the pure consciousness is reached, we will realize that The True Self or Atman is the unity with Brahman.
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